New diseases are occurring every day including sexually transmitted diseases (or infections). There are four bacteria that have the potential to become a major public health problem.
disease can lead to invasive meningitis, which could lead to a dead
brain and spinal cord infection. However, its reputation has spilled
over into the reproductive system after male chimpanzee suffered a
urogenital infection after the bacteria was passed from its throat
and nose to its penis.
10 percent of adults have the N meningitides bacteria in their throat
and nose, which means they could pass the disease during oral sex to
their partners as well as kissing and other types of close contact
that leads to droplets being transmitted.
found that a strain of this disease hit several cities in the U.S
during 2015, attained through the DNA of the closer N gonorrhoeae
relative – the bacteria that leads to gonorrhea. Due to the
mutation, the STI can spread much more quickly. There are five kinds
of N. meningitides out there, but there are only two vaccines to give
some protection against these five.
smallest bacteria that causes STI has gained a huge reputation for
being the most troubling. It was first seen in the 1980s and is
thought to have infected up to two percent of individuals - mostly
teens and young adults.
most people who have this disease don’t know because it doesn’t
produce any symptoms, it can display signs that gonorrhea or
chlamydia exhibit. This can lead to misdiagnosis by doctors, and
leading to pelvic inflammatory disease. If not treated right away,
PID can lead to miscarriage, premature birth, infertility and
do help stem the rate of infection, but it’s been noted that’s
drug resistant to doxycycline and azithromycin. This could lead to
cases where the disease is found to be even more resistant and
testing could help stop the development of the superbug. And, even
though there are diagnostic methods available to detect the bug, most
people are never tested for it, and no regulatory hurdles have been
Shigella flexneri bacteria is based through direct or indirect
contact with human feces. A person infected with this bacteria could
have major abdominal cramps and explosive diarrhea with blood and
mucus. This aids in the transmission of the disease.
it’s more commonly seen in travelers of middle to low-income
countries and children, it’s also been reported by researchers to
infect gay and bisexual men. According to scientists, it’s a new
kind of STI that’s transmitted through anal-oral sex and has caused
several STD outbreaks since the 1970s.
York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene Deputy Commissioner
Demetre Daskalaskis said the STI is quickly becoming antibiotic
resistant to the same drug used to treat gonorrhea (azithromycin).
to the fear of a gonorrhea superbug, health officials suggest not
treating shigellosis, which will clear up on its own.
LGV STI is the result of an unusual Chlamydia trachomatis strain,
which can lead to a major infection. LGV can cause a temporary
blister, genital pimple or ulcer that than infects the lymphatic
system. If the infection spreads to the rectum, it can produce
symptoms similar to inflammatory bowel disease as well as severe and
chronic colon and rectal abnormalities (strictures and fistulas).
the last 10 years, LGV has increased in commonality for both North
America and Europe. It’s also been tied to a number of disease
outbreaks in bisexual and gay men. Similar to chlamydia, the disease
can boost the chance of catching HIV. The spread of the disease can
be reduced by using condoms during anal and vaginal. It can be
treated with a three-week course of antibiotics.
While researchers and scientists can’t stop the emergence of new diseases, practicing safe sex can prevent an outbreak from occurring in new ones. Be sure to get tested regularly and seek treatment if you believe you have an STD.