An array of UK news outlets have reported a rise in a new sex infection called Mycoplasma genitalium (MG), and it may actually be antibiotic resistant.
The recent news comes on the heels from the British Association of Sexual Health and HIV’s latest guidelines regarding the improvement of identifying and treatment MG. Still, it’s important to understand what MG is, what symptoms are associated with the disease and if it’s a great concern to those outside the United Kingdom.
infections, if left untreated, could result in a superbug, resistant
to both first and second line antibiotics. It’s a bacterial
infection that’s passed via sex. The bacteria live inside the
genital and urinary tracts, causing problems with the body’s
can cause pelvic pain and cervix inflammation, known as cervicitis in
women. Women who experience cervicitis may have pain during sexual
intercourse, after-sex bleeding and abnormal discharge. With PID,
women may have heavy vaginal discharge, abnormal uterine bleeding,
odd smell and fever.
In worst cases, it can make women unable to have children (infertile).
men, the disease causes inflammation of the urethra. Its symptoms
include burning and pain during urination and penile discharge.
There are some instances where there are no symptoms of the disease.
disease was first noticed in the 1980s but is not widely known in the
U.S. compared to other STDs such as gonorrhea and chlamydia. A report
from the CDC in 2015 shows MG is far more common than the gonorrhea
bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
Oluwatosin Jaiyeoba Goje with the Cleveland Clinic said the frequency of the MG infection is particularly concerning since most people have no idea they’re infected. There may be no identifying symptoms of the disease, which could lead to various health problems and later be classified as a superbug.
can treat MG with antibiotics but researchers are finding that the
treatment can fail and lead to drug resistance. The CDC noted in 2015
that MG was going to be problematic.
from the U.S., Australia and Japan show that treatment failure is a
real problem with MG and problem for the entire world.
latest guidelines from the British say doctors may accurately test
for the disease, use the right treatment and do follow-ups to ensure
the infection doesn’t become a public health crisis and superbug.
Horner, who helped with the guidelines, said it’s time the public
learns about Mycoplasma genitalium and use condoms while having sex
with new partners.
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